The FRIDGE project is based on research funded by USDA/Food and Nutrition Service through the Pennsylvania Nutrition Education Program (PaNEP) as part of Food Stamp Nutrition Education. The Pennsylvania Nutrition Education Network identified “multigenerational and other innovative delivery model testing” as a key pro¬gram area for further exploration in FY 2004–FY 2006.

In designing activities, we drew upon the intergenerational studies and nutrition education literatures. The following activities were adapted from other publications:

  • The “RECIPE for good communication” activity series includes an activity modified from the the “Leadership in Leisure Services: Making a Difference” curriculum (Jordan, 2001). The “Who’s Listening?” and “String Together” activities were adapted from ideas presented in “Building a positive self¬concept: 113 activities for adolescents” (by Jacobs, Turk, and Horn, 1988).
  • “Two Truths and a Could Be — About Food and Me,” “Baking Now and Then,” “Internet Recipe Scavenger Hunt,” and “Eating in the Mirror” were derived from similar activities published in the Intergenerational Activities Sourcebook (Kaplan and Hanhardt, 2003).
  • The “The Human Pretzel” is adapted from the “Knots” activity on the Business FUNdamentals URL: TeamBuilding.htm], under “free teambuilding activities.”
  • The “Family Meeting” and “Family Food Motto” activities were adopted from the “Celebrate Your Family” fact sheet series (#4 and #5) developed by James E. Van Horn, Extension Specialist, Family Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University.
  • In developing the “Dietary Knowledge Timeline: How What We ‘Know’ about Food and Health has Changed Over Time” activity, the primary source was an unpublished paper, entitled “A Review of the literature on food grouping systems” for the National Dairy Council, 1st draft, prepared by Cheryl Achterberg et al. Penn State University.
  • Secondary source: prteam/PeertoPeer.ppt My Pyramid: USDA’s New Food Guidance System (Peer¬to¬peer PowerPoint presentation). The “Dietary Knowledge Timeline” handouts are derived from a PowerPoint presentation developed by the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, entitled, “MyPyramid—USDA’s New Food Guidance System.”
  • “Portion Distortion” was based on an activity under the same name published on the website of the Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. URL:
  • “Balancing the Sugar” was based upon the on¬line resource:, Education Framework, Key concepts for educators, Sugars and Sweets.
  • The “Considerations in Evaluating Information Found on the Internet” handout, used as a resource for the “Internet Recipe Scavenger Hunt” activity, was developed by Lynn James, Food, Nutrition & Health Educator, Penn State Cooperative Extension at Northumberland County. [Original Source: The Hub, information from the Cancer Information Service, Summer, 2000.]
  • The poem “Dinnertime,” highlighted in the “Dinnertime — What Does it Mean to Eat Together?” activity, was written by Mary Ann Hoberman and published in Little, Brown and Company in “Fathers, Mothers, Sisters, Brothers: A Collection of Family Poems” in 1991 (used by permission of of Little, Brown and Company). The illustration was drawn by Stephen Carpenter.
  • The Second Edition notes several resources that can be accessed through the USDA’s website.

Funded by the Pennsylvania (PA) Department of Public Welfare (DPW) through PA Nutrition Education Tracks, a part of USDA’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program provides nutrition assistance to people with low income. It can help you buy nutritious foods for a better diet. To find out more, contact the DPW’s toll-free Helpline at 800-692-7462. In accordance with Federal law and U.S. Department of Agriculture policy, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, age, religion, political beliefs or disability. To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or for the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8339 (English) or (800) 845-6136 (Spanish). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

This publication is available in alternative media on request. 2013 (2nd Edition).

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