Brian Thiede, Ph.D.

Brian Thiede, Ph.D.

  • Associate Professor of Rural Sociology, Sociology, and Demography
  • Director of Graduate Studies
111-A Armsby Building
University Park, PA 16802

Areas of Expertise

  • Population and environment
  • International development
  • Poverty and inequality
  • Migration


  • PhD, Cornell University, 2014
  • MS, Cornell University, 2011
  • BA, Bucknell University, 2008

Research Interests

My research program focuses on two substantive areas. First, I examine the relationship between environmental change, demographic behavior, and economic development, primarily in low- and middle-income countries. Current projects examine the effect of climate shocks on internal migration and livelihoods. The second area of research focuses on poverty and inequality in the United States. Recent and ongoing studies have analyzed poverty dynamics among newborn children, ethno-racial inequality, and the working poor.



Climate anomalies and birth rates in sub-Saharan Africa
Climatic Change, Thiede, Brian C., Ronnkvist, Sara, Armao, Anna, Burka, Katrina, 2022

Household-Scale Data and Analytical Approaches, Thiede, Brian, 2022

The Childhood Origins of Climate-Induced Mobility and Immobility
Population and Development Review, Thiede, Brian, Randell, Heather, Gray, Clark, 2022

Unequal from the start? Poverty across immigrant generations of hispanic children
Demography, Thiede, Brian C., Brooks, Matthew M., Jensen, Leif, 2021

Beyond Yields: Mapping the Many Impacts of Climate on Food Security, Thiede, Brian, Man, Christian, 2021

Rural-Urban Differences in the Labor-Force Impacts of COVID-19 in the United States
Socius, Brooks, Matthew M., Mueller, J. Tom, Thiede, Brian C., 2021

Income Inequality across the Rural-Urban Continuum in the United States, 1970–2016*
Rural Sociology, Thiede, Brian C., Butler, Jaclyn L.W., Brown, David L., Jensen, Leif, 2020

County reclassifications and rural-urban mortality disparities in the United States (1970-2018)
American Journal of Public Health, Brooks, Matthew M., Tom Mueller, J., Thiede, Brian C., 2020

Climate exposures and child undernutrition: Evidence from Indonesia
Ethics in Science and Medicine, Thiede, Brian C., Gray, Clark, 2020

Climate variability and child nutrition: Findings from sub-Saharan Africa
Global Environmental Change, Thiede, Brian C., Strube, Johann, 2020

Population Change and Income Inequality in Rural America
Population Research and Policy Review, Butler, Jaclyn, Wildermuth, Grace A., Thiede, Brian C., Brown, David L., 2020

Race, Residence, and Underemployment: Fifty Years in Comparative Perspective, 1968–2017
Rural Sociology, Slack, Tim, Thiede, Brian C., Jensen, Leif, 2020

Exposure to Armed Conflict and Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa
Demography, Thiede, Brian C., Hancock, Matthew, Kodouda, Ahmed, Piazza, James, 2020

Characterizing the Forest-Dwelling Indigenous Populations of Latin America: Results from Census and Satellite Data
World Development, Thiede, Brian, Gray, Clark, 2020

Review of Unjust Conditions: Women's Work and the Hidden Cost of Cash Transfer Programs
American Journal of Sociology, Thiede, Brian, 2020

Population Decline and Income Inequality in the Rural United States
Population Research and Policy Review, Butler, Jaclyn, Wildermuth, Grace, Thiede, Brian, Brown, David, 2020

Does crop diversity at the village level influence child nutrition security? Evidence from 11 sub-Saharan African countries
Population and Environment, Tobin, Daniel, Jones, Kristal, Thiede, Brian C., 2019

Climate Change Will Likely Influence Fertility Rates, Thiede, Brian, 2019

Climatic variability and changing reproductive goals in Sub-Saharan Africa
Global Environmental Change, Eissler, Sarah, Thiede, Brian C., Strube, Johann, 2019

The multi-scalar organization of aging-related services in US rural places
Journal of Rural Studies, Brown, David L., Glasgow, Nina, Kulcsar, Laszlo J., Sanders, Scott, Thiede, Brian C., 2019

Child Poverty in Rural America, Rothwell, David, Thiede, Brian, 2018

Working, but poor: The good life in rural America?
Journal of Rural Studies, Thiede, Brian C., Lichter, Daniel T., Slack, Tim, 2018

Born Poor? Racial Diversity, Inequality, and the American Pipeline
Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, Thiede, Brian C., Sanders, Scott R., Lichter, Daniel T., 2018

The Spatial Concentration of America's Rural Poor Population: A Postrecession Update
Rural Sociology, Thiede, Brian, Kim, Hyojung, Valasik, Matthew, 2018

Mexican-American educational stagnation: The role of Family-Structure change
International Migration Review, Turner, Richard Neil, Thiede, Brian, 2018

Demographic drivers of in-work poverty
HANDBOOK ON IN-WORK POVERTY, Thiede, Brian, Sanders, Scott, Lichter, Daniel, 2018

Heterogeneous climate effects on human migration in Indonesia
Population and Environment, Thiede, Brian C., Gray, Clark L., 2017

Marriage, Work, and Racial Inequalities in Poverty: Evidence From the United States
Journal of Marriage and Family, Thiede, Brian C., Kim, Hyojung, Slack, Tim, 2017

Six Charts that Illustrate the Divide Between Rural and Urban America, Thiede, Brian, Greiman, Lillie, Weiler, Stephan, Beda, Steven, Conroy, Tessa, 2017

A Demographic Deficit? Local Population Aging and Access to Services in Rural America, 1990–2010
Rural Sociology, Thiede, Brian C., Brown, David L., Sanders, Scott R., Glasgow, Nina, Kulcsar, Laszlo J., 2017

Resilience and Development Among Ultra-Poor Households in Rural Ethiopia, Thiede, Brian, 2017

The ‘Old’ Versus ‘New’ Economies and Their Impacts, Thiede, Brian, Slack, Tim, 2017

Concentrated Poverty Increased in Both Rural and Urban Areas Since 2000, Reversing Declines in the 1990s, Thiede, Brian, Kim, Hyojung, Valasik, Matthew, 2017

Climate Variability is Increasing Internal Migration in South America, Swelling Cities, Thiede, Brian, 2016

Climate variability and inter-provincial migration in South America, 1970–2011
Global Environmental Change, Thiede, Brian, Gray, Clark, Mueller, Valerie, 2016

Factors Associated with the Risk of Acute Malnutrition among Children Aged 6 to 36 Months in Households Targeted by an Emergency Cash Transfer Program
Food and Nutrition Bulletin, Bliss, Jessica, Jensen, Nathan, Thiede, Brian, Shoham, Jeremy, Dolan, Carmel, Sibson, Victoria, Fenn, Bridget, 2016

The Great Recession and America's geography of unemployment
Demographic Research, Thiede, Brian C., Monnat, Shannon M., 2016

Access to Services Diminishes in Rural America as Populations Age, Thiede, Brian, Brown, David, Sanders, Scott, Glasgow, Nina, Kulcsar, L, 2016

Working Poverty is a Widespread but Under-Analyzed and Poorly-Measured Problem in the U.S., Thiede, Brian, Lichter, Daniel, Sanders, Scott, 2015

America's Working Poor: Conceptualization, Measurement, and New Estimates
Work and Occupations, Thiede, Brian C., Lichter, Daniel T., Sanders, Scott R., 2015

Review of Global Rivalries: Standards Wars and the Transnational Cotton Trade
Rural Sociology, Thiede, Brian, 2015

The Challenge of Measuring 'Working Poverty' in America, Thiede, Brian, Lichter, Daniel, Sanders, Scott, 2015

Hurricane Katrina: Who Stayed and Why?
Population Research and Policy Review, Thiede, Brian C., Brown, David L., 2013