A collection of publications on economic development topics, authored or co-authored by Center staff and/or partners.

Extension and Tourism: Previous Efforts, Current Trends, and the Future

By Doug Arbogast, Daniel Eades, Stephan J. Goetz, and Yuxuan Pan. Published in the Journal of Extension, May 9, 2022. This study highlights the results of a national survey of Extension land-grant and sea grant professionals designed to better understand their involvement in state/regional tourism programming and their perceptions of tourism related opportunities and challenges.

Rural Development Implications One Year After COVID

Choices Magazine special issue, co-edited by Stephan J. Goetz (NERCRD) and Jane Kolodinsky (UVM) and commissioned by C-FARE.

Explaining Spatial Disparities in Fatal Drug Overdoses, 1970-2016

By Meri Davlasheridze and Stephan J. Goetz. Published in Review of Regional Studies, December 2021.

The Role of Community Food Services in Reducing U.S. Food Insufficiency in the COVID-19 Pandemic


Zheng Tian, Claudia Schmidt, and Stephan J. Goetz. Published in Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics as a pre-print, October 2021. Links to PDF of preprint.

The Conversation: More Americans couldn’t get enough to eat in 2020 – a change that hit the middle class hardest

This research brief by NERCRD researchers Zheng Tian and Stephan J. Goetz was published in The Conversation on September 23, 2021. This links to the original article.

Impacts of COVID-19 on Northeast Tourism and Recreation Economies

NERCRD COVID-19 Data Brief 22-02; By Jason Entsminger, Luyi Han, and Stephan J. Goetz; NERCRD, Penn State University; July 27, 2022.

Impacts of COVID-19 on Northeast Economic Activity

NERCRD COVID-19 Data Brief 22-01; By Jason Entsminger, Luyi Han, and Stephan J. Goetz; NERCRD, Penn State University; July 27, 2022.

Visualizing Spatial Economic Supply Chains to Enhance Sustainability and Resilience

By Yicheol Han, Stephan J. Goetz, and Claudia Schmidt. Published in Sustainability, February 1, 2021.

Female farmers in the United States: Research needs and policy questions

By Claudia Schmidt, Stephan J. Goetz, and Zheng Tian. Published in Food Policy, February 2021.

Religiosity and Regional Resilience to Recession

By Raphael E. Cuomo, Daniel B. Davis, Stephan J. Goetz, Josh D. Shapiro, Mary L. Walshok. Published in Risk, Hazards, & Crisis in Public Policy, 23 March 2020.

If You Build Them… Will it Matter? Food Stores' Presence and Perceived Barriers to Purchasing Healthy Foods in the Northeastern U.S.

By Lauren Chenarides, Alessandro Bonanno, Anne Palmer. Published in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, October 2020.

Small and Minority Farmers' Knowledge and Resource Sharing Networks, and Farm Sales: Findings from Communities in Tennessee, Maryland, and Delaware

By Aditya R. Khanal, Fisseha Tegegne, Stephan J. Goetz, Lan Li, Yicheol Han, Stephan Tubene, and Andy Wetherill. Published in the Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, April 2020.

NERCRD COVID-19 Issues Briefs and Data Reports

The NERCRD is releasing a series of issues and data briefs in response to the COVID-19 crisis, designed to provide information quickly or stimulate discussion. They have not undergone regular peer review. Any opinions are solely those of the authors.

Latent Innovation in Local Economies

By Stephan J. Goetz and Yicheol Han. Published in Research Policy, March 2020.

Explaining the spatial variation in American life expectancy

By Elizabeth A. Dobis, Heather M. Stephens, Mark Skidmore, and Stephan J. Goetz. Published in Social Science and Medicine, Volume 246, February 2020.

Advances in the Economic Analysis of Food System Drivers and Effects

A collection of papers published in a special issue of Agricultural and Resource Economics Review (Volume 48 - Special Issue 3 - December 2019). These papers were originally presented at a pre-conference workshop organized by the Northeast Center that took place in conjunction with the 2018 Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association conference.

The Role of Craft Breweries in Expanding (Local) Hop Production

By Elizabeth A. Dobis, Neil Reid, Claudia Schmidt, and Stephan J. Goetz. Published in the Journal of Wine Economics, November 2019.

Measuring Industry Co-Location across County Borders

By Zheng Tian, Paul D. Gottlieb, and Stephan J. Goetz. Published in Spatial Economic Analysis, October 21, 2019.

Strengthening Economic Resilience in the Appalachian Region

"Strengthening Economic Resilience in Appalachia" is a study identifying factors common across communities experiencing persistent economic growth in the aftermath of the 2008 Recession and other economic disruptions. The research was conducted by Downstream Strategies, Dialogue + Design and Associates, the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development, and West Virginia University, on behalf of the Appalachian Regional Commission. The research includes a statistical analysis of key factors common to economic resilience. A companion Guidebook for Practitioners offers additional insight that can inform economic development strategies across Appalachia. Published in 2019.

The Intergenerational Persistence of Self-Employment across China’s Planned Economy Era

By Minghao Li and Stephan J. Goetz. Published in the Journal of Labor Economics, October 2019.

Measuring network rewiring over time

by Yicheol Han Stephan J. Goetz. Published in PLOS ONE, July 24, 2019

Firm and Regional Economic Outcomes Associated with a New, Broad Measure of Business Innovation

By Brian E. Whitacre, Devon Meadowcroft, and Roberto Gallardo. Published in Entrepreneurship & Regional Development,

Excess Competition among Food Hubs


By Rebecca Cleary, Stephan J. Goetz, Dawn Thilmany McFadden, and Houtian Ge. Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 44(1):141–163. (Links to PDF.)

Financial Impact of Penn State Extension’s Know Your Numbers Dairy Program

By Aaron Berger, Timothy W. Kelsey, Stephan J. Goetz, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., and Virginia A. Ishler. Published in Journal of Extension, 2019.

Predicting US county economic resilience from industry input-output accounts

By Yicheol Han and Stephan J. Goetz. Published in Applied Economics October 30, 2018. DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2018.1539806

Explaining the 2016 Vote for President Trump across U.S. Counties

By Stephan J. Goetz, Meri Davlasheridze, Yicheol Han, and David A. Fleming-Muñoz. Published online in Applied Economics Perspectives and Policy, October 10, 2018.

The Effect of Mental Health on U.S. County Economic Growth

By Meri Davlasheridze, Stephan Goetz, Yicheol Han. Published in Review of Regional Studies, Vol 48 No 2 (2018).

Intergenerational mobility of low‐income youth in metropolitan and non‐metropolitan America: A spatial analysis

By Bruce Weber, J. Matthew Fannin, Kathleen Miller, and Stephan Goetz. Published in Regional Science Policy and Practice, June 20, 2018.

Outcomes and Economic Benefits of Penn State Extension’s Dining With Diabetes Program

By Debra Griffie, Lynn James, Stephan Goetz, Brandon Balotti, Yau-Huo Shr, Marilyn Corbin, Timothy W. Kelsey. Published in Preventing Chronic Disease, May 3, 2018.

Where do entrepreneurs get information? An analysis of twitter-following patterns

By Yasuyuki Motoyama, Stephan Goetz, and Yicheol Han. Published in Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, March 15 2018.