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EEEP Seminar Series w/ Burc Kayahan

Burc Kayahan, Acadia University

Date and Location

When (Date/Time)

December 3, 2018, 2:30 PM - 3:30 PM

Where

205 Ferguson Building

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Environmental Inequity in Ontario, Canada

Abstract

A well-established body of environmental justice literature in the United States demonstrates that areas with higher percentage of minorities and low-income residents are disproportionately exposed to environmental hazards. However, there is a lack of consensus about the causes and the magnitudes of the disparities. One of the challenges documented in this literature is how to appropriately control for the proximity of environmental hazards and nearby residential areas. In this paper, we investigate environmental inequity and its magnitude, in Ontario, Canada using alternate distance-based methods applied to the distribution of polluting facilities across the census tracts for the last five consecutive censuses. Our results are in alignment with the US literature in that communities with a high share of immigrants, visible minorities and lone female parents, and a high prevalence of low-income are more likely to be affected by the polluting facilities. These findings are robust across the five consecutive censuses, and across the alternate distance-based methods. Finally, we conduct a logistic regression to identify the relative importance of the socioeconomic factors considered in a conditional analysis framework. Regression results are consistent with the ones obtained from comparison of distance-based summary statistics between the affected and unaffected residential areas.