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FAQs and Definitions of Terms for the NERCRD Planning Grant RFP

Frequently Asked Questions and Definition of Terms regarding the 2017-18 NERCRD Impacts of Successful Extension and Outreach Programs Grant.

These questions address the Request for Proposals for a NERCRD-sponsored grant: Impacts of Successful Extension and Outreach Programs.

What start date should we use for our timeline?

We expect funds will be awarded by approximately November 1. The funding will be available for a maximum of one year from the date of award notification.

What is the source of funding for these grants?

These are federal passthrough funds and we do not receive indirects from the federal government on this particular grant. We also will not issue subcontracts, but instead reimburse directly.

Can we charge fees or sponsorships to cover salaries?

Absolutely. We expect the state which has the program to be transferred will generally need to charge some type of fee to the receiving state to cover some or all of the time of the staff from the sending state. Without this possibility, there will be few states who wish to share their programs. 

In some cases, the salary costs will be handed onto the participants with user fees. In others, the receiving state specialists and staff might help find local firms, communities, foundations, or agencies to sponsor these costs in full or in part. In some cases, it will be a combination of user fees and sponsorships. In some of the pilot programs, a sending state might be willing to gamble on less than full salary recovery as a means of expanding their longer term market. 

The specific financial arrangements are up to the sending and the receiving state.  There are no requirements for this proposal.

Do programs being transferred between states have to be established ones or can they be new ones?

Only established successful programs are being considered.

How is Community Resource Development (CRD) defined?

CRD is known by a variety of labels: Community Economics, Community Economic Development, Community and Economic Development, Community Vitality, and Rural Community Development.

All of these CRD efforts aim to help people make their lives better in some measurable way. Yet, this also is the case for the Agricultural and Natural Resource Programs, the Youth Programs, the Health and Nutrition Programs, and the Family Development Programs. Where is the boundary?

The boundary is related to the audience. CRD programs deal with groups of people, small non-profits, informal development groups, local government decision-makers, state government decision-makers. Generally, the other programs deal with individual decisions makers.

For example, a land use zoning question could be either a CRD, an agricultural and natural resources program or a youth program. In many cases, it might be all three.  When the program addresses policy questions or what the zoning policy should be or does research on the impacts of zoning policy to inform those group decisions, this is the CRD component. Once the policy is adopted and educators are explaining to farmers what is allowed and the most economical means of dealing with the policy, this is an agricultural and natural resource program.

Some (but not all) of the specific Extension or engaged scholarship programs which are done in CRD are:

Community Economic Development:

  • Business Retention and Expansion – strategic planning for local leaders to work with existing firms.
  • Retail Trade Analysis – examination of retail trade data patterns to help communities understand their competitive advantages and disadvantages to see how they can strengthen their stores.
  • Economic Impact Analysis – applied studies to examine the multiplier impacts of sudden changes in a  local economy.
  • Economic Development Academy - training for local economic development officials and leaders


Leadership and Civic Engagement

  • Facilitation of Group Meetings – to prepare local leaders to more effectively work on local issues.
  • Community Profiles and Visioning – to help citizens reach consensus on a local vision. 
  • Broadband Training – orientation for community leaders on steps to improve their access
  • Community Needs Assessment


Natural Resource Policies

  • Land Use Planning Policy – educational programs for both the public and officials
  • Zoning policies – studying the impacts of alternative policies
  • Use value taxation – studying the impacts of alternative taxation policies and land use
  • Local Food System Policies – how to encourage greater local food production


Public Finance and Economics of Services

  • Public finance educational programs for officials and general public
  • Public finance applied research – to guide local and state policies
  • Public Value of public services – use of economic theory to understand why people fund services
  • Health Works - explores the economic impacts of health sectors in a community
  • Costs of Alternative Delivery Systems for Community Services.


Only a few of these do not involve multiple disciplines.

Can non-CRD faculty or staff apply for these grants?

Yes. But they should be a part of a team which includes someone with expertise on the group or community decision making process, economic development, public finance, or leadership and civic engagement skills.

What are the scholarship expectations for Option 2 grants?

Scholarship is the process of communicating your ideas, descriptions of your programs and their impacts, and discussion of lessons learned with your professional colleagues. Some of this scholarship is peer-reviewed and some is not but it is all done in the spirit of sharing what you have learned to help other colleagues work more effectively and efficiently. 

Ernest Boyer describes five kinds of scholarship that are particularly important to Extension and engaged scholarship efforts: 

  • The scholarship of discovery – the development of new knowledge
  • The scholarship of teaching – describes and evaluates classroom and outreach teaching and shares new approaches
  • The scholarship of application – examines how existing knowledge can be applied to current problems and in the process often identifies weak spots in existing knowledge.
  • The scholarship of integration – makes connections across disciplines or through the synthesis of individual research efforts.
  • The scholarship of engagement  - uses one or more of the above types of scholarship and also encourages the participation of non-academics in a reciprocal partnership to address problems face by the public.

What type of scholarship is an expected deliverable for this project?

For this project, some form of scholarship of teaching is part of the expected deliverables. In all cases, the team should describe:

  • the goals of their program,
  • the activities undertaken in the pilot program to deliver programs in two or more states or to train-the-trainer, and
  • lessons learned.

How should this scholarship be delivered?

The manner of sharing these could be one or more of the following:

  1. Presentation at a national conference,
  2. Staff paper (internal review only) on the NERCRD website.
  3. Webinar available nationally through NERCRD or others,
  4. Peer-reviewed journal article, or
  5. Book chapters

Still have questions on the RFP?

Contact Kristen Devlin (krd111@psu.edu) for technical questions, or Daniel Eades (Daniel.Eades@mail.wvu.edu) for content-related questions.